While querying Elasticsearch, sometimes you might want to exclude certain large fields from the response.

To exclude specific fields in an Elasticsearch query, use source filtering:

GET /_search
    "_source": {        
        "exclude": ["description"]
    "query" : {
        "term" : { "country" : "france" }

You can also do source filtering using a GET parameter.

curl "localhost:9200/<index>/_doc/1?_source_excludes=description"

NOTE: you can also include only specific fields in a search response.

Elasticsearch can have a steep learning curve. If you're looking for a fast but easier-to-use alternative, take a look at Typesense.