# System Requirements

Typesense is an in-memory datastore optimized for fast, low-latency retrieval. In order to do this, it stores the entire search index in-memory and a copy of the raw data on disk.

To get the expected performance characteristics out of Typesense, it is critical to choose a good system configuration.

# Choosing RAM

The Typesense process itself is quite light-weight and only takes up about 20MB of RAM when there's no data indexed. The amount of RAM required is completely dependent on the size of the data you index.

If the size of your dataset (only including fields you want to search on) is X MB, you'd typically need 2X-3X MB RAM to index the data in Typesense.

For example: If your dataset size is 5GB, and you want to search on a subset of the fields and the size of that subset of fields is 1GB, then you'd need between 2GB - 3GB RAM to hold the search indices in memory.

You can still store unindexed fields in Typesense (for eg: fields you'd only want for display purposes) - these unindexed fields will be stored on disk and not count towards RAM usage.

RAM usage will be on the lower end if your dataset has many documents with overlapping words (or tokens), and on the higher end if several documents contain words (or tokens) unique to them.

Calculating record size

Let's say you have a JSON document like this:

  "album_name": "John Denver Rare and Unreleased",
  "country": "US",
  "genres": ["country"],
  "id": "31401733",
  "primary_artist_name": "John Denver",
  "release_date": 1104537600,
  "release_decade": "2010s",
  "release_group_types": [
  "title": "Annie's Song",
  "track_id": "58ac90d0-d6fe-4395-9e65-f714ae4c23c0",
  "urls": []

And you only want to search on album_name and primary_artist_name and you want to filter on genres and release_date. To calculate RAM usage, you want to take just the values of those fields as the size of one record.

So even though your documents have other fields like track_id, urls, release_decade, etc since you're not searching on them and potentially only using them for display purposes, they don't count towards RAM usage.

Let's say on average an album name can have 100 characters (that's 100 bytes), primary artist name can be 50 characters (that's 50 bytes), genres can be 50 characters (that's 50 bytes) and release date is an integer (that's 4 bytes).

So our average record size is 100 + 50 + 50 + 4 = 204 Bytes = 0.204 KB.

The length of field names does not affect RAM usage, since field names are not repeated in the index.

If we have say 1M records, our total dataset size is 0.204KB * 1M records = 204MB. So our RAM consumption would be 204MB * 2 = 408MB on the low end and 204MB * 3 = 612MB on the high end.

When indexing documents for Vector Search, each vector requires 7 bytes of memory.

So if your embedding model returns N-dimension vectors, and you have X number of records, memory consumption would be 7 bytes * N dimensions * X records bytes.

For eg: if you're using the S-BERT model which has 384 dimensions and you have 100K records, memory consumption would be 7 bytes * 384 dimensions * 100,000 records = 268.8 MB.

When using semantic / hybrid search with a built-in ML model like (S-BERT, E-5, etc) Typesense needs to load these models into memory and this requires anywhere from 2GB - 6GB of RAM, in addition to the memory required for storing the vectors (as described in the section under Vector Search above).

When using semantic / hybrid search with a remote embedding service like OpenAI, PaLM API, Vertex AI, etc, Typesense does NOT require any additional RAM besides what's required for storing the vectors generated by these models (as described in the section under Vector Search above).

# Choosing CPU Capacity

CPU capacity is important to handle concurrent search traffic and indexing operations.


Typesense requires at least 2 vCPUs of compute capacity to operate.

Typesense is designed to be highly scalable out-of-the-box with no additional configuration needed. It automatically takes advantage of all the compute capacity available to it. So the maximum number of requests per second a particular CPU configuration can handle is fully dependent on your search query patterns and the shape & size of the data indexed.

While it's hard to make an exact recommendation for ideal CPU capacity, since it depends on your data, here are some reference data points to give you a good picture of CPU needs:

  • A 4vCPU Typesense node was able to handle 104 concurrent search queries per second, with 2.2 Million records.
  • A 4vCPU Typesense node was able to handle 46 concurrent search queries per second, with 28 Million records.
  • An 8vCPU 3-node Typesense cluster was able to handle 250 concurrent search queries per second, with 3 Million records.


In Typesense Cloud, you have the option to use nodes with "Burst" vCPU capacity. If you have relatively low baseline traffic for most of the day with the occasional moderate spike during indexing, you can pick one of our "Burst" vCPU options to save costs. Note that this option is not a good fit if you have a high baseline of traffic or high indexing volume. You will start seeing slowdowns in response times if you direct a consistently large amount of traffic at nodes in this offering.

# Using a GPU (optional)

When using built-in embedding models for Semantic Search / Hybrid Search, you can speed up the embedding generation process by making use of a GPU.

Built-in models can still be run using just CPU, but since they are computationally intensive to run there is a marked improvement in performance when running Typesense on a GPU.

GPU is not necessary when using remote embedding models like OpenAI, PaLM API or Vertex AI API, since the embedding generation happens on those remote services' servers and not inside of Typesense.

Typesense currently only support Nvidia GPUs.


In Typesense Cloud, you'll find the option to turn on "GPU Acceleration" for select RAM / CPU configurations (opens new window) when provisioning a new cluster or under Cluster Configuration > Modify for Typesense versions 0.25.0 and above.

# Choosing Disk

Typesense stores a copy of the raw data on disk and then builds the in-memory index using this data. Then at search time, after determining the final set of documents to return in the API response, it fetches these documents (only) from disk and puts them in the API response.

You'd need enough disk space, at least the size of your raw dataset, to run Typesense. SSDs are significantly faster than Magnetic Disks and are recommended.


In Typesense Cloud, we provision 5X disk space, where X is the amount of memory you've chosen for your cluster. When you enable the "High Performance Disk" option (available only for Highly-Available Non-Burst-CPU configurations), we use NVMEe SSD disks that give you the fastest data transfer rates.

# Choosing Number of Nodes

Typesense can run in a single-node configuration, or in a Highly-Available multi-node cluster configuration.

We strongly recommend that you run a Highly-Available 3-node or 5-node configuration in your Production environment, to ensure that your search service is resilient against inevitable infrastructure issues.

Typesense uses Raft as its consensus algorithm and since Raft requires a quorum of nodes for consensus, you need to run a minimum of 3 nodes to tolerate a 1-node failure. Running a 5-node cluster will tolerate failures of up to 2 nodes, but at the expense of higher write latencies.

# Choosing Search Delivery Network (SDN)

In Typesense Cloud (opens new window), you have the option of creating a Typesense cluster that spans multiple geographic regions around the world, called a Search Delivery Network (SDN). You are given an SDN endpoint and queries sent to this endpoint will automatically be routed to the node that's closest to where the search request is originating from.

If your users are geographically distributed across countries (or even across states in the case of the US, where we have multiple data center options in different cities), and you make calls out to Typesense from your website/app directly, then choosing an SDN configuration will ensure that your users get consistent ultra-low-latency searches regardless of their location, since the SDN endpoint automatically routes each search query to the data center that's closest to your user.

Read more about Search Delivery Network here.

Last Updated: 4/12/2024, 10:47:17 PM